Decabromodiphenyl ether (DBDE, DecaBDE, bis(pentabromophenyl) ether, CAS No 1163-19-5, EC No 214-604-9) is widely used as an additive flame retardant with applications in many different sectors, in particular in plastic and textile articles but also in adhesives, sealants, coatings and inks.
DecaBDE was banned fro. 2 March 2019 according to the COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2017/227 of 9 February 2017 amending Annex XVII to Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) as regards bis(pentabromophenyl)ether.
The Commission was of the opinion that an unacceptable risk to human health and the environment arises from the manufacture, use or placing on the market of decaBDE, on its own, as a constituent of other substances, in mixtures and in articles. The Commission considered that those risks needed to be addressed on a Union wide basis.
Exemptions were given for 10 years for use of decaBDE at production of aircrafts and spareparts for for vehicles and machinery.
DecaBDE belongs to the hazardous flame retardant group “polybromodiphenyl ethers”. There are 209 congeners, and the lower brominated PBDE congeners were banned already in 2003.